An Act to Regulate Practice of Dentistry in the Philippines, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
Article I Title of Act
Title of Act.-This Act shall be known as “The Philippine Dental Act of 1965.”
Article II Objectives and Implementation
Objectives. – This Act provides for (a) the regulation, control and supervision of the practice of dentistry in the Philippines; (b) the giving of licensure examinations to graduates of recognized dental schools for the purpose of registration; (c) the regulation and standardization of dental education; (d) the promotion and development of dental research in the country; and (e) the stipulation of penalties for infractions or violations of this Act, or any other laws, rules and regulations authorized under the provisions of this Act.
Implementation. – For the purpose of attaining or carrying out the objectives of this Act, and in order to implement the other provisions thereof, there are created the following agencies: (a) The Board of Dental Examiners; (b) The Council of Dental Education; and (c) the Council for the Advancement of Dental Research.
Article III The Board of Dental Examiners
Composition. – The Board of Dental Examiners shall be composed of five members to be composed of the five members to be appointed by the President of the Philippines from among candidates certified by the Philippine Dental Association and/or any other bona fide dental association, upon the recommendation of its constituent chapter societies or affiliate organizations, as possessing the qualifications prescribe in Section five of this Act, said appointments being subject to confirmation by the Commission on Appointments.
Qualifications. – The members of the Board shall, at the time of appointment: (a) be a natural born citizen of the Philippines and actually resident thereof; (b) be a duly registered dentist in the Philippines; (c) must have had at least ten years practice of the profession; (d) must not be a member of the faculty of any school, college or university where dentistry is taught, nor shall have, directly or indirectly, any pecuniary interest in such institutions: (e) must hold be connected in any capacity with any enterprises, firm or company engaged in the buying, selling or manufacture of dental goods, equipment, materials or supplies; and (f) must be a member of good standing of the Philippine Dental Association and/or any other bona fide dental association for the last five years.
Tenure of Office. – The members of the Board shall serve for a term of five years: Provided, however, That not more than one member shall be appointed for the full term within the same calendar year, and that appointments shall be made to fill existing vacancies only, so that the term of one member shall be due to expire every year: Provided, further, That the member serving the last year of his term shall automatically become the chairman of the Board, and shall not be entitled to succeed himself immediately after the expiration of his name tenure of office.
Compensation. – The members of the board shall each receive as compensation fee of ten pesos per capita of the candidates examined. The chairman of the Board shall receive no extra compensation.
Removal from Office. – Any member of the Board, including the chairman, may be removed for in competency or continued neglect of duty, for commission or toleration of irregularities in the examination, or for unprofessional or dishonorable conduct, after a proper administrative investigation.
Powers vested in Board. – The Board of Dental Examiners is vested with authority, conformably with the provisions of this Act, to issue, suspend or revoke certificates of registration for the practice of dentistry, or to reissue the same, subject to approval of the President of the Philippines. The Board shall have the power.
Rules and Regulations – The Board of Dental Examiners with the approval of the Commissioner of Civil Service, shall promulgate and adopt such rules and regulations as may be necessary to implement or carry out the provisions of this Act, especially those relating to the proper conduct of the examinations custody and correction of examination papers, registration of dentists, and enforcement of the Code of Ethics for dentists.
Secretary of the Board.
Annual Report. – The Board shall, within sixty days after the close of each fiscal year, prepare and submit an annual report to the President* of the Philippines which shall include a detailed account of the proceedings of the Board during the year, an up-to-date register of dentists in the country, indicating those in private practice and those in the government service, and embodying such recommendation as the Board may desire to make.
Article IV Examination and Regulation
Prerequisite to the Practice of Dentistry. – Unless specifically exempt and authorized by this Act, no person shall engage in the practice of dentistry in the Philippines without a certificate of registration as dentist issued to him by the Board Dental Examiners after successfully passing the required qualifying examination.
Definition of Practice of Dentistry. – A person shall be regarded as engaged in the practice of dentistry or rendering dental service, within the meaning and intent of this Act, who shall, for a fee, salary, compensation, or any form of reward, paid to him or through another, or even without such compensation or reward, perform any operation or part of an operation, upon the human mouth, jaw, teeth and surrounding tissue; prescribe drugs or medicines for the treatment of oral diseases and lesions; or correct malpositions of the teeth: Provided, however, That this provision shall not apply to artisan or technicians engaged in the mechanical construction of artificial dentures or fixtures and other oral devices, as long as none such procedures is done inside the mouth of the patient, nor shall this provision apply to students of dentistry undergoing practice training in a legally constituted dental school or college under the direction or supervision of a member of the faculty who is duly licensed to practice dentistry in the Philippines; or to registered dental hygienist serving as dentists’ assistants who may be allowed to perform oral prophylaxis and such other procedures which the law regulating the practice of dental hygienists may permit.
Exemption from Registration. – Certificates of registration shall not be required of commissioned dental officers of the army, navy and air forces of any foreign country, whose operations in the Philippines are permitted by the Government, while rendering services as such for the members of said forces only; and of dentist or oral surgeons from other countries who are invited for consultations or demonstrations, Provided, that in such cases their work shall be limited to the specific tasks assigned to them and Provided further, that a previous authority has been granted by the board of Dental Examiners who shall have been the discretion to determine the duration of said authority, but in no cases shall it exceed the period of thirty days.
Frequency of Examination. – Licensure examinations for candidates desiring to practice dentistry in the Philippines shall be conducted by the Board twice a year in Manila, the first examination to be held not earlier than two months nor later than three months after the termination of the school year, the second one to be held six months thereafter, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of the Civil Service. The Board shall publish or cause to be published the dates of examination, or any change thereof, at least ninety days before the scheduled examinations.
Qualifications for Admission to Examination. – In order to be admitted to the licensure examination for dentists, an applicant must, at the time of filling his application therefore, establish to the satisfaction of the Board that: (a) he is a citizen of the Philippines; (b) he possesses good moral character; (c) he had finished at least a two-year pre-dental course which complies with the minimum requirements of the Council on Dental Education; and (d) he shall be a holder of the degree of either Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.), or Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.), or their equivalents,
conferred by a recognized and legally constituted university, college, school or institute.
Scope of Examination. – The licensure examination for the practice of dentistry in the Philippines shall consist of both written and performance tests, the scope of which shall be determined and prescribe by the Board, taking into consideration the teaching plans and education standards of the state and private dental colleges in the country. It shall includes such subjects as general anatomy, oral anatomy, general histology, oral histology and embryology, general histology, oral histology and embryology, general pathology, oral pathology, general physiology, oral physiology, pharmacology, microbiology, biochemistry, oral diagnosis and treatment planning, oral surgery, anesthesia, dental roentgenology, periodontics, endodontics, nutrition, dental materials, restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, orthodontics, public health dentistry, dental jurisprudence, dental economics, ethics, and private management. It shall be the duty of the Board to prepare the schedule of subjects in the written and performance tests and to publish the same as approved at least two months before the date of examination wherein they are to be used.
Report of Ratings.- The Board of Dental Examiners shall, within one hundred days after the last day of the examination, report the ratings obtained by each candidates to the Comissioner of Civil Service who shall, with his recommendations, submit such results to the President of the Philippines for approval and release. Failure on the part of the Board to report to the ratings within the specified time shall mean forfeiture of fifty percent of the compensation due the members of the Board in that particular examination.
Issuance of Certificates.- Certificate of registration as dentist shall, upon the recommendation of the Board, be issued to any applicant who, after the approval of his ratings by the Commissioner of Civil Service and the President of the Philippines and the payment of the required registration fee, *has satisfactorily met all the requirements specified in this Act. Provided, however, That no certificate of registration shall be issued to any applicant who has not reached the age of twenty-one years.
Every certificate of registration shall show the full name of the registrant, shall have a serial number, and must be signed by the chairman and members of the Board, the Commissioner of Civil Service and the secretary of the Board, and shall be authenticated by the official seal of the Board. The issuance by the Board of a certificate of registration to the registrant shall be evidence that the person named therein is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a registered dentist while said certificate remains unrevoked or unsuspended.
Fees for Examination and Registration.- Every applicant to the licensure examination for dentists shall pay an examination fee of sixty pesos and a fee often pesos for registration.
Refusal to Issue Certificates of Certain Causes.- The Board of Dental Examiners shall refuse to issue a certification of registration to any person convicted by a court of competent jurisdiction of any criminal offense involving moral turpitude, and to any person guilty of immoral or dishonorable conduct or to persons of unsound mind, or those suffering from communicable or contagious disease. In the event of such refusal, the Board shall give the applicant a written statement setting forth the reason or reasons for its action, which statement shall be incorporated in the records of the Board.
Revocation and Suspension of Certificates.- The Board shall also have the power to revoke or suspend the validity of the certificate of registration of a dentist for any of the causes mentioned in the preceding section, or for unprofessional and unethical conduct, malpractice, incompetency, or serious ignorance or negligence in the practice of dentistry, willful destruction or mutilation of a nature tooth of a patient with the deliberate purpose of substituting the same by an unnecessary or unessential artificial tooth, for making use of fraud, deceit or false statements to obtain a certificate of registration form bitual use of intoxicating liquors or drugs, causing him to become incompetent to practice dentistry; for the employment of persons who are not duly authorized to do the work which under this Act can only be done by persons who have certificates of registration to practice dentistry in the Philippines; for the employment of deceit or any form of fraud with the public ingenral or some clients in particular for the purpose of extending his clientele; for making false advertisements, publishing or circulating fraudulent or deceitful allegations regarding his professional attainment, skill or knowledge, or the methods of treatment employed by him: Provided, however, That be action of the Board in the exercise of this power shall be appeasable only to the President* of the Philippines whose decision in such cases shall be final.
Reissue of Revoked Certificate and Replacements of Lost One.- The board may, after the expiration of five years from the date of revocation of a certificate of registration, for reasons it may deem sufficient, entertain any person whose certificate has been revoked, in the same manner as application for an original certificate, and in so doing it may in its discretion, exempt the applicant from the necessity of undergoing another examination. A fee of ten pesos shall be charged for the issuance of a new certificate in place of another previously revoked. A new certificate of registration to replace any certificate lost, destroyed or mutilated may be issued subject to the rules of the Board and a charge of five pesos shall be made.
Article V The Council of Dental Education
Functions. – The Council on Dental Education shall be a policy-making body under the Secretary of Education charge with the responsibility of regulating standardizing dental education in the country. To be effective in carrying its objectives, the Council shall have the following functions: (a) to recommend the minimum requirements of the pre-dental l course: (b) to recommend the minimum requirement of the regular dental course; (c) determine and prescribe the minimum requirements for the physical plants and other facilities of schools or college of dentistry; (d) to determine and prescribe the minimum number of qualifications of teaching personnel, including student-teacher ratio; (e) to require internship or any form of hospital training in a teaching hospital as a prerequisite to graduation in a dental college, provided that no such requirement shall be made effective earlier than two years after the approval of this Act; (f) to inspect or visit schools or colleges in connection with the functions of the Council as herein provided; and (g) to adopt and enforce such rules and regulations as are necessary for the proper implementation of the objective of the Council.
Composition. – The Council on Dental Education shall be composed of the Secretary of Education as chairman; the Undersecretary of Education as vice-chairman; the Director of Public Schools, the chairman of the Board of Dental Examiners, the President of the Philippine Dental Association or any other bona fide national dental association, a dean representative of private dental colleges, and the dean of the College of Dentistry, University of the Philippines, as members. The chairman and members of the Council shall serve as such only during their incumbency in their respective positions.
Secretary of the Council. – The Council on Dental Education may designate the administrative officer or any subordinate official of the Department of Education to serve as secretary of the Council, and as such he shall keep a complete record of the proceedings, communications and deliberations of the Council.
Compensation. – The chairman, members, and secretary of the Council on Dental Education shall not be entitled to any compensation, except those authorized by their respective offices and such other expenses as are necessary in the performance of their official duties as herein provided.
Sessions. – The Council shall hold its regular sessions every month at such time and place to be designated by the Chairman of the Council. Special sessions may be called by the chairman or upon the request of petition of a majority of the members of the Council.
Authority. – The Council is hereby authorized by this Act to determine, prescribe or modify the length of studies for the pre-dental and the regular dental course, Provided, that the preparatory course shall not be less than two years nor more that four years, and in the case of the regular course, it shall not be less than four years nor more than six years.
Article VI The Council for the Advance of Dental Research
Functions. – The Council for the Advancement of Dental Research shall be a policy-making body, charge with the responsibility of promoting and developing dental research in the country. In order to carry its objectives, the Council shall have the following functions: (a) To devise and work out a plan to establish a dental center, with the promotion of dental research as its principal goal; (b) To determine and recommend the raising of the necessary funds to finance this research project, either through the solicitation of funds from private sources or by direct government appropriation or financing; (c) To enlist the aid or cooperation of such government or private entities as may be necessary; and (d) To adopt and implement such measures, rules and regulations as are necessary for the carrying out of the objectives of the Council.
Composition. – The Council for the Advancement of Dental Research shall be composed of the Chairman of the National Science Development Board, as chairman; a representative of the Philippine Dental Association or any other bona fide national dental association, a representative of the National Science Development Board, a representative of the Board of Dental Examiners; and a representative of the Council on Dental Education, as members. The Chairman and members of the Council shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments for a term of five years, unless sooner terminated by the expiration of their tenure of office in their respective positions.
Secretary of the Council. – The Council for the Advancement of Dental Research may designate any members to serve as secretary of the Council, and as such shall keep a complete records of the proceedings, communications and deliberations of the Council.
Compensation. – The chairman, members and secretary of the Council for the Advancement of Dental Research shall not be entitled to any compensation except those authorized by their respective offices and such other expenses as are necessary in the performance of their respective duties as herein provided.
Sessions. – The Council shall hold its regular session once every two months at such time and place to be designated by the chairman of the Council. Special sessions may be called by the chairman whenever necessary.
Article VII Penal and Miscellaneous Provisions
Penal Provisions. – Any person who shall practice dentistry in the Philippines as defined in this Act, without the certificate of registration issued in accordance with the provision of this Act, or has been declared exempt, or any person presenting or using as his own the certificate of registration of another, or any person who shall give any false or forge evidence to the Board in obtaining a certificate of registration, or any person who shall impersonate any registration, or any person who shall impersonate any registrant of like or different name, or any person who shall use a revoked or suspended certificate of registration, or any person who shall assume, use or advertise as a bachelor of dental surgery, doctor of dental surgery, master of dental surgery, licentiate of dental surgery, doctor of dental medicine, or dental surgeon, or append to his name the letters D.D.S., B.D.S., M.D.S., L.D.S., or D.M.D., without having been conferred such title or degree in a legally constituted school, college or university, duly recognized and authorized to confer the same, or advertise any title or description tending to convey the impression that he is a dentist, without holding a valid certificate of registration from the Board, or any person who shall violate any provision of this Act, shall be guilty of misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to a fine of not less than three thousand pesos nor more than five thousand pesos or to suffer imprisonment for a period of not less than one year nor more than five years, or both, in the discretion of the court.
Display of Name and Certificate of Registration. – Every registered practicing dentist shall display in a conspicuous place in the house or office where he practices, his name and surname and shall further display his certificate of registration in his office in plain sight of patients occupying his dental chair. Any owner or proprietor of a dental office or establishment is also under obligation to display inconspicuous places in the office or establishment and to display the certificates of registration of each and everyone of such persons in the same manner as herein before provided.
Foreign Reciprocity. – Except in the case of persons otherwise exempt under the provisions of this Act, no dentist who is a citizen of a foreign country or a particular state shall be granted any of the rights of privilege under this Act, unless the country or state of which he is a subject or a citizen permits dentists who are Filipino citizens to practice within its territorial limits on the same basis as the subjects or citizens of such country or state but under the circumstances shall such a set-up be initiated by the Philippine government.
Enforcement of the Act by Officers of the Law. – It shall be the duty of all dully constituted officers of the law of the national, provincial, city or municipal governments, to enforce the provisions of this Act and to prosecute any persons violating the same. The Secretary of Justice shall act as the legal adviser of the Board of Dental Examiners, the Council on Dental Education, and the Council for Advancement of Dental Research and shall render such legal assistance as may be necessary in carrying out the provisions of this Act.
Repeal of Laws in conflict with this Act. – All laws, or portions thereof, orders, ordinances, or rules and regulations in conflict with the provisions of this Act, as pertain to the practice of dentistry shall be, and are hereby repealed.
Effectivity. – This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Approved, June 19,1965.